Toby's April 2021 Home, Lawn & Garden Tips:

for the best Home, Lawn & Garden

Toby has spent his entire adult life learning the best way to have the very best home, lawn, garden, and so much more.
Each month he puts together a new list of tips to help you with a plan that will ensure you keep everything up-to-date and going great.

Check back here every month for the very best tips, advice on how to do it right, and what to do!



  • Warm season grasses (Zoysia, Bermuda, Buffalograss): After April 15th mow short 1 ½ to 2 inches one time only. Check back May 1 for fertilization program for warm season grasses.
  • See Toby’s Tips for the spring fertilization program for cool season grasses. Click on "Lawn Program" on the links above or from the menu and see the Spring Lawn Program.
  • Keep mower blades sharp. On average sharpen mower blades after every 10 hours of use. Mower height for bluegrass will be 2 ½ - 3 inches and for fescue 3 inches.


Trees & Shrubs

  • Crabapple, Apple: To control cedar-apple rust and apple scab, spray with Immunox Fungicide and Spreader Sticker approximately every two weeks from mid-April until early June.
  • If not done in March, remove tree wrap from trees and check mulch. Mulch 2-3 inches high and keep mulch 4-6 inches away from trunks.
  • Prune dead or injured tree branches.
  • Prune spring flowering shrubs; Mock orange, Lilac, Forsythia, Quince, and Vanhoutte spirea within three weeks after flowering.
  • Don’t prune tender shrubs; Crepe myrtle, Butterfly bush until new growth starts late April, early May.
  • There are several diseases (Sphaeropsis, Dothistroma, Brown spot disease) that attack our pine trees, primarily Austrian and Scotch pine. Since these diseases can kill our pines and the best fungicides for control are not available to the homeowner, I only recommend that they be controlled by a commercial company.

    My favorite: Mike Dougherty
    Tree Management Company


Vegetables & Fruits

  • Outdoor planting dates:
    Asparagus 4/1 -- 4/20
    Rhubarb 4/1 -- 4/20

    Beans - Bush, green 4/15 -- 5/20
    Pole, green 5/1 -- 5/20
    Bush, yellow 4/15 -- 5/20
    Bush, lima 5/1 -- 5/25
    Pole, lima 5/10 -- 5/25

    Corn 4/25 – 8/1
    Carrots until 4/5
    Beets until 4/15
    Lettuce Leaf until 5/10
    Onion until 4/15
    Brussels Sprouts until 4/10
    Cauliflower until 4/20
    Cabbage until 4/20
    Potato until 4/10
    Peas until 4/15
    Radish until 5/10
    Broccoli until 4/10
    Spinach until 4/20
    Turnip until 5/1
    Kohlrabi until 4/15
  • Start cantaloupe, cucumber, summer squash and watermelon seeds indoors April 1 – 15.
  • Plants started indoors should be hardened off outdoors at least a week before planting. Set them outdoors when temperatures are above 40 degrees during the day and bring them back in during the night. Set them in shady protected areas first and gradually give them more sun each day.
  • Thin root crops (beets, carrots, turnips) to 4 inches apart to allow room for developing.
  • Till or hand spade cotton burr compost into the vegetable garden before planting.
  • Harvest asparagus spears that are more than 3/8 inch in diameter and 6 to 8 inches tall. Stop harvesting when most of the emerging spears are thinner than a pencil.
  • Plant dwarf or semi-dwarf fruit trees. They are much easier to take care of than standard size fruit trees. Check out my favorite fruit tree company.
  • Prune blackberry and raspberry plants.


Annuals, Perennial Flowers & Ornamental Grasses

  • Remove mulch from roses and prune back 8-10 inches from the ground (Hybrid Teas, Grandifloras, Floribundias).
  • Start fertilizing roses mid April. Use Earth Right Sure Bloom 6-7-6 once a month until mid August. May, June, and July apply Mushroom Stuff. Have a two week separation between Sure Bloom and Mushroom Stuff. Mushroom Stuff will help your roses bloom faster and be more disease resistant.
  • Divide and plant perennials.
  • Prepare the soil for annual flower beds. Spade or till in Cotton Burr Compost, but don’t spade or till if the soil is wet.
  • Start planting annuals toward end of month.



  • Apply Preen to all landscape and flower beds to reduce weeds.
  • Natural Grass and Weed Killer: mix 1 cup salt to 1 qt. warm water and add to 1 gal. vinegar.
  • To help keep insects (ants, cockroaches, crickets, etc.) from setting up home in your home, treat the outside with Spectracide Triazicide and Spreader Sticker. Be sure to follow label directions.


House & Home Tips

  • Check air pressure in tires for better gas mileage.
  • Clean or replace furnace filter.
  • Fill low spots around foundation. Make sure the ground slopes away from the house.
  • Vacuum refrigerator coils.
  • Drain the sediment off the bottom of the water heater tank.
  • Time for air conditioner check up.
    Call: Anthony Plumbing, Heating & Cooling